If you have a family history of Type 2 Diabetes, or have been diagnosed as Pre-Diabetic before, you should have a regular check up to catch it early. Ask your doctor if you think you might be at risk for Pre-Diabetes.
WHAT IS PREDIABETES?
Someone who has Pre-Diabetes is at a high risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Pre-Diabetics have higher blood glucose than normal, but their glucose is not high enough to have a diabetes diagnosis.
If you are Pre-Diabetic, you may or may not have any of the classic diabetic symptoms that Type 2 Diabetics experience. With the advice of a qualified doctor and diabetes team, you may avoid Type 2 by making the proper lifestyle changes. Prescribed treatment often includes a focus on lifestyle that includes more activity or exercise and healthy food. Medication may be prescribed by your doctor, if needed.
SYMPTOMS OF PREDIABETES
Prediabetes may not always present symptoms, so, you may have it and not know it. One possible sign is darkened skin on the neck, armpits, elbows, knees and knuckles. Classic signs and symptoms that suggest you may have moved from prediabetes to Type 2 Diabetes include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
If you have a history of diabetes in your family, or are overweight, it is recommended that adults get blood sugar screenings starting at age 45 or sooner at your regular check-ups
CHILDREN AND PREDIABETES TESTING
Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in children and adolescents, due to the rise in childhood obesity. Prediabetes testing for children who are overweight or obese and who have at least two other risk factors for type 2 diabetes is recommended. These other risk factors include:
- The family history of type 2 diabetes.
- Low birth weight.
- Being born to a mother who had gestational diabetes.
Treatment will vary from person to person. Please contact your doctor and see a qualified diabetic team to understand what treatment is best for you. It may be suggested that you make lifestyle changes. In some cases medication may be required. Note: What works for one person will not necessarily work for another – no two diabetics are alike.
Healthy lifestyle choices can help you prevent prediabetes and its progression to Type 2 diabetes. However, it is sometimes genetic and unavoidable. If you are given a Prediabetes diagnosis, know that you can better manage it with a healthy lifestyle – this includes eating well and exercising.